Law No. (2) of 2021
on Land Use Change & Planning Requirements and Permitted Use for Buildings
We, SAUD BIN SAQR BIN MUHAMED Al QASSIMI, Ruler of Ras Al Khaimah,
- After perusal of Constitution;
- And Law of Ras Al Khaimah Municipality of 1981, as amended;
- And Law No. (2) of 2007 on Establishing Environment Protection and Development Authority in Ras Al Khaimah (EPDA RAK), as amended;
- And Law No. (6) of 2008 on Regulating Real Estates Offices in emirate of Ras Al Khaimah;
- And Law No. (1) of 2009 on Regulating Buildings in emirate of Ras Al Khaimah;
- And Law No. (7) of 2012 on Establishing Executive Council in emirate of Ras Al Khaimah;
- And Law No. (8) of 2016 on Regulating Practicing Economic Activities in emirate of Ras Al Khaimah, as amended;
- And Law No. (2) of 2017 on Establishing Ras Al Khaimah Economic Zones and Supervising Authority thereof;
- And Law No. (3) of 2017 on Establishing Public Services Department, as amended;
- And Law No. (8) of 2019 on Regulating the Profession of Construction;
- And Law No. (10) of 2019 on Regulating the Profession of Engineering Consultancy;
- And after the approval of Executive Council,
have promulgated the following law:
The following words and phrases shall have the meanings assigned hereto unless otherwise required by context:
Department: Ras Al Khaimah Municipality Department.
Authority: Administrative Authority upon which consideration for real estates improvement shall be devolved.
Director General: Director General of the Department.
Sector: Sector of Technical Affairs at the Department.
Lands Classifications: Approved sorting or use of lands permitted by Department, including residential, commercial, agricultural, industrial, investment residential, commercial residential, governmental or any other use determined by Department.
Conditional Uses: Types of lands uses and buildings occupancies authorized to be executed or practiced within definite conditions as they are not originally compatible with the permitted use in an area.
Planning Requirements: A set of requirements under which percentage of construction, heights, required car parking and other services shall be determined and they are issued by a resolution from the Director General and based on proposal of the Sector.
Grievance Committee: The Committee stipulated in Law No. 1 of 2009 on Regulating Buildings in emirate of Ras Al Khaimah.
Provisions of this Law shall be applicable to the entire territory of the Emirate including Ras Al Khaimah Economic Zones. However, Executive Council may, upon the Department request, exclude certain bodies from provisions thereof.
A Committee called “Planning Requirements Committee” shall be established consisting of a president and three members from the Sector, appointed by Director General, in addition to a representative of Public Services Department; to be nominated by Director General of the same and representative of EPDA RAK; to be nominated by Director General of the same, and the Director General shall issue resolution of the Committee’s work system and procedures to be followed before it and the Committee shall undertake the following competences:
1. Review new planning projects and verify the availability of environment requirements therein.
2. Decide on the applications to change the planning requirements of plots; permitted use of buildings and verify conformity of the same with environment requirements.
3. Any other tasks required under the nature of the Committee’s work or assigned thereto by Director General.
Only, under a resolution from Planning Requirements Committee, planning requirements may be changed for real estates and their conditional uses. However, upon a proposal from the Sector, Director General shall resolve the change and controls conditions.
A Committee, consisting of a president and three members from the Sector, appointed by Director General in addition to a representative of Public Services Department; to be nominated by Director General of the same and representative of EPDA RAK; to be nominated by Director General of the same, shall be established to consider appeals against resolutions issued by the committee of “Planning Requirements”. Therefore, Director General shall issue resolution of the Committee’s work system and procedures to be followed before it.
Changing the planning requirements of plots and authorized utilization of buildings may be applied. However, if this change entails an increase in its value, an improvement consideration at 30% of increase shall be levied thereon.
It is permissible, by resolution from the Executive Council, to impose improvement consideration on built properties and lands which value increases due to public benefit works. The resolution shall determine the public benefit works that cause such consideration to be collected and the percentage thereof from the increase occurred to the property and the authority upon which the consideration shall devolve.
Owner shall assume fees at 1% of land value to be paid to Department after being sorted or plotted whether the same is performed amicably or under a judicial judgment. In case of multi-owners, each of them shall commit to the fee in proportion to what devolved upon him, in addition to fees of transactions conducted by Sector related to changing planning requirements of plots and permitted use of buildings.
The Sector shall estimate improvement consideration and due fees under provisions of this law based on technical report that includes value of the property before and after improvement or the main chart of prices approved by the Department. The Sector shall notify the property’s landlord of such estimation within two weeks from the date of issuing the same. The landlord may file grievance against the estimation before Grievance Committee which shall decide on the grievance within one month from the date of submitting it by reasoned decision after consulting the Sector and the grievant shall be notified of the Committee’s decision and reasons thereof immediately upon its issuance and the decision of the Committee shall be final.
Within sixty days from the date of serving a notice of final valuation of the property, owner is entitled to choose any of the following methods to pay the improvement consideration:
1. Pay the consideration immediately.
2. Pay the consideration in equal installments within the period determined by the Authority, provided that all installments shall be due in case of dispose of the entire property and in proportion to what had been disposed of in case of disposal of part thereof.
3. Pay in rem the full or some of the consideration if the property is a vacant land, under the terms and conditions on which a resolution from Director General of Authority is issued.
In all cases, the Authority is entitled to collect improvement consideration by way of deducting the same from the compensation for expropriation for public benefit or improvement that it owes to concerned persons. The improvement consideration shall be preferential debt on the property and shall come after judicial expenses and be collected by order on petition from the competent judge.
Authority entrusted with regulatory business may refrain from licensing erection, elevation or modification of buildings or constructions if concerned parties fail to pay the accrued consideration or installments thereof.
Government Authorities should notify Department of any change to the use of any property occupied thereby other than the classification approved by the Planning and Survey Division at Department.
In implementation of provisions of this Law and resolution issued in implementation thereof, Department is entitled to seek the assistance of Government Authorities, public agencies and organizations and RAK Police General Headquarters.
After serving notification to the concerned parties in the method approved by Director General, staff of Sector and members of committees provided herein are entitled to access real estates and lands located in improvement areas to conduct technical and survey operations and obtain necessary data about those real estates.
Employees of the Sector shall be empowered with capacity of law officer in catching acts committed in violation of provisions of this law and resolutions issued in implementation thereof.
Without prejudice to any severer penalty stipulated by any other law, whoever violates planning requirements of plots and permitted use of buildings shall be punished by a fine not less than ten thousand dirhams nor more than one million dirhams before issuing resolution thereof by Planning Requirements Committee. In addition, reasons behind the violation shall be removed on its cost within a month from the date of imposing the penalty. However, the fine penalty shall be doubled if the same violation repeated within a year from committing the previous violation.
Without prejudice to the provisions of Article 15 and based on proposal from Department, Executive Council shall pass a schedule of fees and another of violations and penalties incurred on violation of this Law provisions. However, the proceeds of these fees and penalties shall devolve upon Department’s treasury.
Crimes incurred in violation of implementing this Law provisions may be conciliated under the conditions determined by the executive regulation. However, violating party is entitled to grieve before Grievances Committee against the imposed upon him within fifteen days from the date of notifying the same. Therefore, reasoned resolution on the grievance shall be rendered by Committee within a month from the date of receiving it. However, if the Committee’s resolution is inadmissible by the grievant, the same shall be referred to Public Prosecution.
Any other provision in contradiction with the provisions of this Law shall be repealed.
This law shall come into force as date of its promulgation and be published in Official Gazette.
SAUD BIN SAQR BIN MUHAMED Al QASIMI
Ruler of Ras Al Khaimah
Promulgated by us on 26th of Jumada 2nd, 1442 A.H.
Corresponding to 8th of February 2021